When the flow of oil stopped

When the flow of oil stopped (VI): Housing

Cuando cesó el flujo del petróleo: VI: Vivienda

The shortages had a great impact on the ongoing social housing programs and, as housing is a constitutional right for the Cubans, the government had declared that the housing program would continue to be a priority. The dramatic reduction in availability of materials like cement and steel and the closing of prefabrication prompted a local movement for the production of “low energy consumption materials”.

Read more: When the flow of oil stopped (VI): Housing

When the flow of oil stopped (V): Transport and food supply

When the flow of oil stopped (V): Transport and food supply - Foto MagicOlf - Flickr
During the 1980s Cuba achieved decent levels of mobility, particularly public transportation. A local factory could assemble the so-called “Giron” buses, a bus resting on a chassis of a Russian truck, vehicles that became the backbone of local and medium distance travel.
Long distance transportation, although not perfect, also functioned. However, the shortage of fuel combined with the scarcity of spare parts for the vehicles led to the collapse of this system in the first years of the special period. Thus compelled, the government sought alternatives for short, medium and long distance transportation.

During the 1980s Cuba achieved decent levels of mobility, particularly public transportation. A local factory could assemble the so-called “Giron” buses, a bus resting on a chassis of a Russian truck, vehicles that became the backbone of local and medium distance travel.

Read more: When the flow of oil stopped (V): Transport and food supply

When the flow of oil stopped (IV): Descentralization

INTENTOS PARA HACER FRENTE A LA CRISIS: LA DESCENTRALIZACIÓN

The way the economy had been organized in Cuba from 1959-1990 could not resist the impact of the dramatic drop of the energy supply, something we could call “Cuban peakoil”, and the country had to seek ways to copewith the new situation. Following are insights into attempts to cope focusing upon decentralization, transportation, food provision and housing.

Read more: When the flow of oil stopped (IV): Descentralization

When the flow of oil stopped (III): The reforms

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in June
1990, Cubans were uncertain about what the
future would bring for them. The first reaction of
the government to the unexpected crisis was to
encourage savings, above all in energy and
commodities, until the country could return to a
“business as usual” situation. Many thought the
Special Period would be a temporary situation,
with an estimated length of about 2-3 years.
However the unfolding of events indicated that it
would take years for Cuba to return to the level of
social and economic development achieved
during the 1980s.

Cuando cesó el flujo del petróleo (III): Las reformas

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in June 1990, Cubans were uncertain about what the future would bring for them. The first reaction of the government to the unexpected crisis was to encourage savings, above all in energy and commodities, until the country could return to a “business as usual” situation. 

Read more: When the flow of oil stopped (III): The reforms

When the flow of oil stopped (II): Special Period in Cuba

When the flow of oil stopped: The Special Period in Cuba

The impacts of a sudden and massive cut in oil and energy supply is a situation that could eventually become a flash forward for developed countries. For Cuba the cut happened suddenly. While it will be for different reasons and from different causes, the end of the supply of oil is on the horizon. Countries can plan for the future.

Read more: When the flow of oil stopped (II): Special Period in Cuba

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Consultants

Fernando Martirena
Cuban
Civil Engineer, PhD. Professor.
Spanish, English, German.
Research and investigation of materials, specifically alternative cement and cement products.

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archidona ecuador

"Whatever you can find" is an architectural workshop, with communitary participation, from the Catholic University from Quito.
EcoSur network supports this workshop in Santa Rita community, near Archidona, Ecuador.

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