When the flow of oil stopped (VI): Housing
The shortages had a great impact on the ongoing social housing programs and, as housing is a constitutional right for the Cubans, the government had declared that the housing program would continue to be a priority. The dramatic reduction in availability of materials like cement and steel and the closing of prefabrication prompted a local movement for the production of “low energy consumption materials”.
When the flow of oil stopped (V): Transport and food supply
During the 1980s Cuba achieved decent levels of mobility, particularly public transportation. A local factory could assemble the so-called “Giron” buses, a bus resting on a chassis of a Russian truck, vehicles that became the backbone of local and medium distance travel.
When the flow of oil stopped (IV): Descentralization
The way the economy had been organized in Cuba from 1959-1990 could not resist the impact of the dramatic drop of the energy supply, something we could call “Cuban peakoil”, and the country had to seek ways to copewith the new situation. Following are insights into attempts to cope focusing upon decentralization, transportation, food provision and housing.
When the flow of oil stopped (III): The reforms
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in June 1990, Cubans were uncertain about what the future would bring for them. The first reaction of the government to the unexpected crisis was to encourage savings, above all in energy and commodities, until the country could return to a “business as usual” situation.
When the flow of oil stopped (II): Special Period in Cuba
The impacts of a sudden and massive cut in oil and energy supply is a situation that could eventually become a flash forward for developed countries. For Cuba the cut happened suddenly. While it will be for different reasons and from different causes, the end of the supply of oil is on the horizon. Countries can plan for the future.